- Today: 169
OFFICIAL NAME: Syrian Arab Republic.
AREA: 185.180 km2 (71.500sq. miles)
POPULATION: 18.866 million ( 2002 census )
CLIMATE: A pleasant and varied Mediterranean climate with four distinct seasons.
Syria : is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the West, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and palestine to the southwest.
Main cities and number of inhabitants in each
Damascus 3.8 million inh, Aleppo 4 million inh, Homs 1.5 million inh, Latakia 883 thousands inh, Hama 1.4 million inh, Tartus 716 thousands, Deir-ez-zor 1 million inh.